Learning and Acquisition

1. Which of the following is a
pre-requisite to learning a
language?
(1) Motivation
(2) Habit formation
(3) Imitation
(4) Oral approach
2. Learning a language is a
(1) gradual process
(2) last process
(3) instant process
(4) all inclusive process
3. Which one of the following is
considered as a great deterrant
to learning English?
(1) Lack of opportunity for pupils to
listen and use English outside the
classroom
(2) English is a difficult language to
learn
(3) English phonemes are
unscrupulous
(4) English has a vast vocabulary
4. “Language acquisition can be
automatically attained”. This
statement is favoured by
(1) cognitivists
(2) behaviourists
(3) conditionists
(4) None of the above
5. Second language acquisition is
more effective when it
(1) is used as the basis for discussing
grammatical concepts
(2) involves periodic revision work by
the teacher and students
(3) involves mostly self-study by
students, using certain guidelines
(4) is practised in situations familiar to
students
6. A Hindi-speaking teacher gets
posted in a primary school which
is situated in a remote area of
Rajasthan. Since she doesn’t
know the local language, she
faces lots of problems. She should
(1) try to get a posting to a
Hindi-speaking area
(2) focus on the textbook as a source
of standard Hindi
(3) use the child’s language as a
resource while teaching
(4) encourage the community to learn
standard Hindi
7. A teacher of Class III realises
that vocabulary development is
an important factor in enabling
students to become better
readers. Of the following, which
might be a good strategy for
vocabulary development?
(1) Students underline difficult words
from a text and make sentences
with them
(2) Students learn to use the context
to guess the meaning of new
words
(3) Students memorise extensive
word-lists of synonyms and
antonyms
(4) Students consult a dictionary
whenever they come across a new
word
8. Which factor is the most
important to learn a language?
(1) Well developed language
environment
(2) Grammatical rules of language
(3) Questions based on text
(3) Textbooks on that language
9. Which of the following is an
instance of formal learning?
(1) Children learning to cook from
their parents
(2) Children learning a new game
from friends
(3) Children learning through
correspondence lessons
(4) Children learning to draw from
their art teacher
10. Teachers help learners to
construct their knowledge in
English by
(1) giving the learners a lot of
assignments and projects that will
lead to much practice
(2) correcting every mistake a learner
makes and giving the relevant rule
of grammar as immediate
feedback
(3) giving extensive language drills in
which learners practice language
items mechanically
(4) enabling them to see the
relationship between the prior
knowledge and the new
knowledge
11. For English as a second language,
‘acquisition-poor environment’ is
one where
(1) Hindi/Mother tongue is the lingua
franca
(2) English language is used only in the
classroom
(3) English is not spoken at home at all
(4) access to any learning material is
unavailable to students
12. Motivation is an important factor
in language learning. For
example, in Class VI,… may be
done to motivate the student to
be an active learner.
(1) memorisation and use of necessary
vocabulary
(2) systematic analysis and use of
structures
(3) use of visual devices and game-like
exercises
(4) use of the mother tongue as the
‘medium’
13. Language learners learn by
doing. Which activity supports
this observation?
(1) Opportunities to practice as it helps
with habit formation
(2) Encourage the use of their mother
tongue to promote better
understanding of the meaning of a
prescribed text
(3) Go from concrete to abstract texts
(4) The teacher models the writing and
speaking styles which learners
copy
14. When a child learns a language
naturally without much practice,
it is called
(1) language generalisation
(2) language adaptation
(3) language learning
(4) language acquisition
15. The most important aspect of an
effective language classroom is to
provide learners with an
opportunity to
(1) interact
(2) interfere
(3) assess
(4) imitate
296 CTET SUCCESS MASTER ENGLISH LANGUAGE & PEDAGOGY
CHAPTER EXERCISE
16. Reading English as a second
language means
(1) reading aloud
(2) reading for grammar
(3) meaning making
(4) decoding of letters and words
17. When language development is a
deliberate and conscious effort,
language is
(1) honed (2) brushed up
(3) learned (4) acquired
18. According to language
acquisition theory, when there is
a lack of sufficient information
in the language input, there is a
universal grammar that applies
to all
(1) colloquial language
(2) modern language
(3) classical languages
(4) human languages
19. According to socio-cultural
theory of Vygotsky,
(1) self-directed speech is the lowest
stage of the scaffolding
(2) children can think in abstract
terms if abstract material is
provided at a lower age
(3) children drink in different domain
and do they take a complete
perspective
(4) culture helps in language
development
20. Who strongly maintains that
language is learnt by imitation
of stimuli and reinforcement of
correct responses?
(1) Albert Bandura
(2) Kurt Lewin
(3) Tolman
(4) BF Skinner
21. Noam Chomsky’s reference to
deep structures means a
(1) universal grammar underlying all
languages and corresponding to
an innate capacity of the human
brain
(2) hidden set of grammatical rules
learnt through intensive study
(3) transformational grammar that has
led in turn to increased interest in
comparative linguistics
(4) a trend that English is the most
common auxiliary language in the
world
22. When children first start to
speak in sentences, their speech
may be described as
[CTET Jan 2011]
(1) multilingual
(2) babbling
(3) exceptionally
(4) telegraphic
23. Teachers do not give the
meaning of new words to
learners directly because
[CTET Jan 2011]
(1) learners do not like to be given the
meaning of words
(2) it prevents learners from
discovering the meaning through
puzzling out using clues
(3) learners already know the meaning
of the words
(4) vocabulary will not be enriched
24. The main responsibility of a
language teacher as a facilitator
is [CTET Jan 2012]
(1) to create a number of
opportunities for the learners to
use the language meaningfully
(2) to provide a lot of information and
make the learners listen to it
(3) to strictly control the class and
cover the syllabus in quick time
(4) to read the lessons aloud and
provide explanation for each line
25. Language acquisition
[CTET Jan 2013]
(1) requires the memorisation and use
of necessary vocabulary
(2) involves a systematic approach to
the analysis and comprehension
of grammar as well as to the
memorisation of vocabulary
(3) refers to the process of learning a
native or a second language
because of the innate capacity of
the human brain
(4) is a technique intended to simulate
the environment in which children
learn their native language
26. Learning a new language after
puberty leads to … of a foreign
language. [CTET Feb 2014]
(1) difficulty in acquisition
(2) normal acquisition
(3) greater mastery
(4) loss of mastery
27. The linguist, Noam Chomsky
maintains that every child has an
innate Language Acquisition
Device (LAD) that he/she uses for
[CTET Sep 2015]
(1) Phonemes
(2) Universal Grammar
(3) Complex words
(4) Semantics
28. Which observation supports
Noam Chomsky’s ideas about
language acquisition?
(1) Children’s language development
follows a similar pattern across
cultures
(2) The stage of language
development occurs at about the
same age in most children
(3) Children acquire language quickly
and effortlessly about the same age
(4) All of the above
29. ‘Children deserve most of the
credit for the language that they
acquire’. This observation implies
that in modern class rooms
(1) students pursue their own lines of
enquiry
(2) students need not attend L2 classes
(3) students may choose L2 on their own
(4) the teacher establishes the task
and supports or facilities learning
30. As per Noam Chomsky’s theory,
the role of Language Acquisition
Device (LAD) helps children to
[CTET Jul 2019]
(1) imitate the language spoken by
adults
(2) learn second language easily
(3) communicate actively in second
language
(4) generate grammar rules
31. Which of the following
statemensts is correct?
[CTET Jul 2019]
(1) Children come to school with a
treasure of experience and their
mother tongue acts like a resource
in learning English.
(2) Children’s first language is a hurdle
in learning English.
(3) It is difficult to teach English as they
use their first language in every
aspect and ignore English.
(4) As a teacher you would like to give
a list of English words on the very
first day.
CHAPTER 1 : LEARNING AND ACQUISITION 297
Previous Years Questions ’
32. Learning to speak in a second
language does not involve
[CTET Jul 2019]
(1) its pronunciation
(2) culturally bound speaking events
(3) theoretical knowledge of a
language
(4) second language grammatical
knowledge
33. Language develops among
children once they interact ……
[CTET Jan 2022]
(1) with others
(2) with physical objects
(3) with self
(4) remain silent
34. Which one of these is not true
about language acquisition
theory by Noam Chomsky?
[CTET Jan 2022]
(1) Deep structure of language
(2) Transformational grammar
(3) Language Acquisition device
(4) Prime role of child’s environment
35. Which statement is true about
Piaget? [CTET Jan 2022]
(1) Thought precedes language
(2) Language precedes thoughts
(3) Language and thoughts are
independent
(4) Language and speech are merged
around the age of three
36. The most important factor
which is responsible for the
differentiation between language
learning and language
acquisition is [CTET Jan 2022]
(1) language environment
(2) grammar of language
(3) assessment in language
(4) textbook of language
37. Which one of the following is the
most important pre-requisite for
language learning?
[CTET Jan 2022]
(1) Children’s motivation to learn the
language
(2) List of aims and objectives of the
language to be learnt
(3) Providing a good text book to
children to learn the language
(4) Using structural situation
approach while learning
38. In spite of its complex nature,
“language is acquired with the
help of innate grammatical
knowledge”. This idea refers to
the theory proposed by
[CTET Jan 2022]
(1) Stephen Krashen
(2) Noam Chomsky
(3) Lev Vygotsky
(4) Jean Piaget
39. If students of a class use limited
vocabulary during
communication, what will be the
best way to enhance their
vocabulary? [CTET Jan 2022]
(1) Ask students to make a list of
synonyms and antonyms of
usable words during
communication.
(2) Ask students to read more books
and write down the words from
them.
(3) Ask students to read the text aloud
twice and thrice in a day.
(4) Ask students to communicate in
groups and allow them to replace
used words with new suitable
words.
40. The language acquire from birth
by a child with the help of family
members is know as
[CTET Jan 2022]
(1) First Language
(2) Second Language
(3) Regional Language
(4) Foreign Language
41. “Human beings are born with
the capacity to acquire
language” this statement is
related to [CTET Jan 2022]
(1) Vygostsky
(2) Piaget
(3) Chomsky
(4) Bruner
42. Piaget’s theory on language
development suggest that
language is learnt through
[CTET Jan 2022]
(1) assimilation and accommodation
(2) interaction with the society
(3) trial and error
(4) universal grammar in the child’s
mind
43. Which of the following is not true
about language learning and
acquisition? [CTET Jan 2022]
(1) All children can learn many
languages, if they are given
opportunity and environment.
(2) First language interferes in the
learning of second language.
(3) Language learning should begin
from meaning and move to
understanding form.
(4) First language supports learning of
second language.
44. In a language classroom, a
teacher is asking students to
interact in groups and then share
their personal response to the
poem with each other. This task
promotes social interaction as
advocated by …… .[CTET Jan 2022]
(1) Skinner
(2) Lev Vygotsky
(3) Chomsky
(4) Piaget
45. A language teacher asks students
to collect flowers to make a flower
scrap book. She also asks them to
write the name of each flower in
their language and in English.
This activity will help her to
promote ……… . [CTET Jan 2022]
(1) multilingualism
(2) language across the curriculum
(3) a love for nature
(4) integration of subjects

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