Principles of Language Teaching

1. Suppose you get a Hindi medium
student who has not learnt
English. He is given five
sentences to be translated from
Hindi to English. As an
evaluator/teacher, which aspect
would you try to evaluate in
(1) Application (2) Knowledge
(3) Synthesis (4) Understanding
2. Methods of language teaching
should consider which of the
(1) Examination system
(2) Level, age and ability of learners
(3) Time limit or time frame
(4) Target language
3. Teachers must keep in contact
with parents to help them
understand their children and to
provide appropriate guidance to
develop the pupils’
(1) intelligence
(2) potentials
(3) foresightedness
(4) memory
4. Principle of selection and
grading of words is based on its
(1) frequency
(2) teachability
(3) range
(4) All of the above
5. Which of the following situations
would be the best for maximum
transfer of learning?
(1) Different tasks requiring different
(2) Different tasks requiring same
(3) Similar tasks requiring different
(4) Similar tasks requiring same
6. Maximum participation of
students during teaching in a
language classroom is possible
(1) lecture method
(2) translation method
(3) inductive method
(4) discussion and demonstration
7. When young learners seem to
lose interest in the lesson, the
teacher should
(1) tell a story or conduct an
interesting activity
(2) ask them to sit quietly for some
(3) allow them to go out and play
(4) ask them to sleep for a while
8. While teaching English, a
teacher is not able to draw
attention of some students
sitting at the back. She should
(1) engage them by asking questions
and evaluating her teaching
(2) stop explaining the concept and
start dictating the notes to
(3) scold them for not paying attention
(4) ignore them and carry on
9. In learning a language, students
talking time should be increased
(1) they use the target language for
various purposes
(2) teachers feel relaxed while
students are talking
(3) they enjoy spending time talking
with their friends
(4) they can learn the correct
pronunciation from each other
10. Young learners will enjoy a play
included in the text book when
(1) listen to the teacher reading the
(2) enact the play
(3) get detailed explanations about
the play from the teacher
(4) read the play silently
11. Here is a list of tasks commonly
included in a language
classroom. Which of these sees
children as active learners?
(1) Children work in groups to
generate interpretations of a poem
(2) Children carefully memorise
correct answer to questions on a
(3) Children write answer to questions
given at the end of a poem
(4) Children carefully note down
answers from the blackboard
12. Before students start reading a
story titled, ‘Brave Bitto’, the
teacher initiates a discussion with
them on ‘Bravery’. What is the
teacher trying to achieve through
this activity?
(1) Activate the previous knowledge of
(2) Activate the intellectual stance of
(3) Activate enthusiasm in students
(4) Activate the efferent stance in
13. Learners are involved in
individual activities, pair work,
group work and whole-class work
because these
(1) provide the learners enough
opportunities to relax in a language
(2) have the sole aim of introducing
variety in a language classroom
(3) enable the already over-worked
teacher to preserve her energy
thereby becoming more effective
(4) afford the learners opportunities to
use the language in a focused
manner for real-life interaction
14. Substitution table drill helps
teachers in
(1) developing free writing skills
(2) improving the fluency of learners
(3) evaluating the listening skills
(4) giving controlled language practice
15. After a story-telling session, the
learners are asked to change the
ending of the story. This will help
the learners
(1) understand grammar better
(2) develop library reference skills
(3) evaluate the teacher’s originality
(4) become imaginative and creative
16. What is the ‘task’ in task-based
language learning?
(1) A piece of work which enables
learners to do an activity
(2) A piece of work for the parents to
do their children’s homework
(3) A piece of activity for teachers to do
in the classroom
(4) A piece of work which exposes
learners to language
17. Students who do not have the
opportunities to use the target
language outside the classroom,
demonstrate much lower levels of
language competency. This can
be overcome by
(1) conducting tests periodically to
motivate them to learn
(2) giving them a set of commonly
used sentences and vocabulary
which they are expected to use
(3) setting separate tasks which are
easier, with more time to complete
(4) engaging them in specific
language-focused tasks which are
indirectly monitored by their group
18. A foreign/non-mother tongue
language teacher often faces the
problem of a class full of
reluctant, unmotivated learners.
This can be helped by
(1) using methods and strategies to
motivate and make learning more
challenging in the class
(2) taking the help of an academic
counsellor who will address the
(3) identifying the students who are
unmotivated and taking a special
class for them
(4) encouraging learners to take their
own time to complete assignments
19. Which of the following helps in
learning the second language
without using the printed text?
(1) Situations approach
(2) Natural approach
(3) Language immersion
(4) Grammar-translation method
20. The structural approach
(1) resorting to fluency
(2) selection and gradation of material
(3) assessing learners’ performance
using mother tongue
(4) using mother tongue
21. The communicative approach to
teach English focuses on
(1) the structural accuracy of the
(2) correct pronunciation of words
(3) linguistic competence plus an
ability to use the language
(4) the practice of selected and graded
structure patterns
22. Which approach emphasises,
interaction as the means and the
goal of learning a language?
(1) Communicative
(2) Oral-aural
(3) Immersion
(4) Silent way
23. Selection of language items while
determining the second language
syllabus should take into account
…… . [CTET Sep 2014]
(1) the minimal disruption of school
(2) how easy it is to learn/use the item
(3) how easy it is to teach the concept
(4) the frequency and range of use of
the items
24. Mother tongue influence can be
effectively minimised in the
classroom by [CTET Sep 2018]
(1) giving inputs from the target
language in a simple graded
(2) using the mother tongue more often
(3) giving examples from the mother
(4) giving a lot of exposure in the target
25. A teacher gives a task of dialogue
completion to Class V students.
The role of this task in language
teaching will be [CTET Dec 2019]
(1) teaching of structures
(2) the separation of spoken and
written forms of language
(3) to facilitate conversation by giving
specific language practice using
formulaic expressions
(4) to provide frequent feedback only
on grammatical errors
26. A teacher wants to create a
lanuage rich environment in her
class. She should [CTET Dec 2019]
(1) establish a language lab in her
(2) motivate parents to buy language
games and activities
(3) Provide an opportunity where the
language is seen, noticed and used
by children
(4) ask students to use only English
while communicating in the class
with peers
27. A teacher is using intensive oral
interaction in target language
as a way of presenting
language. This method is
known as [CTET Jan 2022]
1. Natural Method
2. Classical Method
3. Bilingual Method
4. Audio-lingual Method
(1) 1 (2) 2 (3) 3 (4) 4
28. ‘Language awareness’
[CTET Jan 2022]
(1) has cognitive advantages.
(2) is a disadvantage.
(3) is knowing the grammar of a
(4) is a prescriptive concept.
29. Assertion (A) All children who
enter school are highly
competent language users.
Reason (R) Due to language
and cultural diversity, they are
unable to demonstrate their
abilities. [CTET Jan 2022]
(1) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R)
is the correct explanation of (A)
(2) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R)
is not the not the correct
explanation of (A)
(3) (A) is true, but (R) is false
(4) (A) is false, but (R) is true
30. Which of the following is an
appropriate activity for
teaching language skills?
[CTET Jan 2022]
(1) Reciting poems
(2) Role play of drama in class
(3) Organise debate competition
(4) Organise speech competition
(1) Only (1) and (2)
(2) Only (1)
(3) (3) and (4)
(4) All of the above
31. In a language classroom, a
teacher facilitates and
motivates children towards
transfer of concepts and skills
from home language to
language of instruction at
school. This strategy
[CTET Dec 2021]
(1) confuses the students
(2) promotes language learning
(3) hinders learning of target
(4) Interferes in the development of
proficiency is target language
Previous Years Questions ’
32. Language is ………..
[CTET Jan 2021]
(1) a linguistic arrangement
(2) a system of systems
(3) a developmental grammatical
(4) of letters and sounds
33. Communicative language
teaching method in English lays
stress on giving opportunities to
learners to participate in a
purposeful talk in the classroom
as it promotes [CTET Jan 2021]
(1) their written expression in the
(2) learners to minimise spelling and
grammatical errors
(3) the use of mother tongue freely in
the classroom
(4) learners to encounter with real life
34. As per Stephen Krashen, “The
effective language teacher is
someone who can provide input
and help make it …… in a low
anxiety situation”.
[CTET Jan 2021]
(1) comprehensible
(2) fluent
(3) easier
(4) grammatical
35. A teacher divides the class into
five groups and asks them to
discuss what they would do if
they were caught in one of the
following situations:
Their friend falls down in the
play field and is hurt …
They are trapped in a building
on fire …
They are stuck up in a traffic
jam … [CTET Jan 2021]
This activity is based on …..
(1) Communicative Language
Teaching (CLT) Approach
(2) Structural Approach
(3) Grammar translation method
(4) Audio lingual approach
36. Reflection in language teacher
education ………. [CTET Jan 2021]
(1) means conscious, experientially
informed thought.
(2) includes aspects of evaluation and
problem-solving leading to new
insights and understanding.
(3) includes aspects of general
cognitive abilities, rote learning
and repetition-based practice.
(4) is understanding how routine
decision-making informs practice.
37. In language teaching and
learning, ‘whole language’ is a/an
[CTET Dec 2021]
(1) method
(2) technique
(3) approach
(4) strategy
38. A teacher demonstrates in Class I
how to write the letters of the
alphabets. She describes where to
start and how to move for writing
the letters of the alphabets. What
does she try to make her learners
understand? [CTET Dec 2021]
(1) Writing skills
(2) Writing rubrics
(3) Mechanics of writing
(4) Hand-eye coordination

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